Broad Street is perhaps the best-known street in the city, taking in Temple in north Philly (see arrow in photo below), City Hall downtown, and going all the way south to the Sports Complex, which includes the venues for the city's professional sports teams (Phillies, Flyers, 76ers, and Eagles).
Ubiquitous around Temple is the school's distinctive "T" logo, as shown in the next two shots...
Of greatest historical significance is the pair of Broad Street buildings shown next. To the left is Mitten Hall, which nowadays can be rented out for weddings and other events. The building on the right is the Performing Arts Center, a converted old Baptist Temple. This website shows a close-up of the Performing Arts Center -- note the inscription on the building "THE TEMPLE." That is where the name of the university comes from.
...and the Law School.
...and the following building, which I could not identify, despite extensive Internet research.
Let's conclude with some Temple University trivia. Daryl Hall and John Oates, members of the popular musical duo Hall and Oates, both attended Temple, although they first met outside of the university. Before his Hall and Oates days, Daryl was in a group called the Temptones. One might guess that the group's name was a tribute to the Temptations, the legendary Motown group with which Hall had stylistic and professional ties. However, Temptones was actually a reference to Temple University. Hall discusses his musical history, including his time with the Temptones, in this interview with Dan Rather.